About BMMT

The Buckinghamshire Military Museum Trust preserves the heritage of the local military units raised in the historic county of Buckinghamshire in England from the 1500s onwards, including the Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers, Territorials, and Home Guard. The Trust was established in December 1985. 

Opening times:

Old Gaol Museum, Buckingham is currently closed

Claydon exhibits currently in store

How to find us  

Old Gaol

MK18 1JX


Claydon House

MK18 2EY

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Features & Events

As part of the Centenary Commemoration of the Great War, we at BMMT hosted a number of County wide events, and supported wide and diverse projects, between 2014 and 2018. We are now hosting events for the 80th anniversary of the Second World War, as well as celebrating other aspects of the County’s military past.

Find out what’s going. Here

Our Collections

The Trust preserves uniforms, flags, weapons, equipment, documents, paintings, and photographs relating to the amateur military forces raised in Bucks since the 1500s.

Intended mainly for home defence against foreign invasion – from the Spanish Armada to Napoleon and Hitler – these citizen soldiers were just as significant for their high visibility in the local community, involving a far wider section of society in military affairs than the small regular army, which was often out of sight and out of mind serving overseas. The Trust’s collections reflect this dual military and social function.

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Sound & Film

Bucks Yeomanry Guidon Conservation by Katherine Barker BA (Hons) BSc AMA ACR
Click here to view more films and listen to more audio.

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Who we are?

Visit our ‘Who we are?’ page to find out more about the Buckinghamshire Military Museum

What you can do

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Object of the Month

Czapka of the Taplow Lancers, c. 1869

Modelled on the headgear of Napoleon’s Polish Lancers, the czapka or shapka was adopted by newly formed British lancer regiments in 1816. The South Buckinghamshire (Taplow) Yeomanry Cavalry adopted lancer unfirms in about 1863, the unofficial title of the Taplow Lancers being used from around 1869. 


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The Taplow Lancers disbanded in 1871. Apart from this unique surviving czapka, which is minus its leather peak, the BMMT collection contains an officer’s stable jacket and cap, a sabretache, and a rare photograph of the unit.

A Taplow Troop was formed within the 1st or Southern Regiment of Bucks Yeomanry Cavalry in 1803 but it disappeared with the disbandment of the regiment in 1828. As a result of the widespread agricultural ‘Swing’ riots in 1830, Viscount Kirkwall, later 5th Earl of Orkney, raised the Kirkwall Volunteer Cavalry at Taplow, its official authorisation on 27 December 1830. It quickly became the South Buckinghamshire (Taplow) Yeomanry Cavalry. With the dangers of domestic unrest subsiding, the War Office decided once more to cease funding the troop in March 1838, but it served on without any government pay or allowances. It did so until 1 April 1843 when the Chartist disturbances allowed it to return to the official establishment of yeomanry. The troop was called out on duty to Princes Risborough in 1831, helping to protect the King’s Commission sitting at Aylesbury to try those arrested during the Swing riots. The troop also offered its services in anticipation of Chartist disturbances at Slough in 1848, but was not needed.

The annual training – usually just eight days – was held at various locations including Beaconsfield, Marlow, Burnham and Slough. In May 1863 the Earl of Orkney resigned and was succeeded as Captain Commandant by Nathaniel Grace Lambert of Denham Court, later Liberal MP for Bucks from 1868 to 1880. Lambert changed the uniform from that of a light dragoon regiment to that of lancers modelled on the scarlet tunics of the 12th Lancers. He moved the annual training to Windsor, the troop also participating in the great volunteer review at Windsor in July 1869. Increasingly, there were problems finding sufficient recruits and, in any case, the War Office decided to disband independent yeomanry units with less than four troops. The Taplow Lancers ceased to exist in May 1871. A number of men transferred to the Windsor Troop of the Berkshire Yeomanry.

This website of The Buckinghamshire Military Museum Trust ('BMMT') is copyright of BMMT. If any items on the site are republished or copied for research private study or for use within educational establishments the source and copyright status must be acknowledged and any reference quoted. Commercial users wishing to reproduce any item must seek prior written permission from the Trustees. 

BMMT has taken all reasonable steps to ascertain any known copyrights. Any infringement is inadvertent and will be rectified on notification.


Registered with the Charity
Commission No: 1189645
Registered Museum No: 1550

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